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   Muhammad (pbuh) and his adopted son went to the town of Ta’if. They were met coldly by the leaders. Muhammad (pbuh) spoke to them about excepting Islam. The people of Ta'if refused to listen, and after some time they left, under hostile circumstances.

   The Prophet (pbuh) boldly continued to preach at all public assemblies and gained several new converts. Among the new converts, was six men from of the city of Yahtrib (later called Medina), of the Jewish tribe of Khazraj. When they returned home, they told everyone that a Prophet (pbuh) had arisen among the Arabs. He was the messenger of Allah.

   It was the twelfth year of his mission. The year was 621 before the Migration to Medina. Muhammad (pbuh) took a great journey during the night called Isra and miraj. He had prayed the night prayer with his cousin, Umm-e-Hani, and was resting in his cousins home, when he was transported to the mosque, al-Aqsa (Bait-ul-Muqqadis) in Jerusalem. He prayed, and was then taken into the heavens. He viewed the heavens and the worlds beyond. Allah had intended for Muhammad (pbuh) to understand how immense the universe was. This was to enlighten the Prophet (pbuh) and enhance his teachings. He returned in time to pray Fajr prayer with his cousin. It was at this time that Allah ordered the Muslims to pray the five daily prayers.

   Muhammad's (pbuh) teaching's had now reached the people of Yathreb (Medina). Men began to travel to Mecca asking to meet with Prophet (pbuh). They would except Islam and learn the message of Allah. Upon returning to their homes, another group of people would come. Finally Muhammad (pbuh) sent one of his companions to the village of Medina to spread the word of Islam. Soon after people pored into Mecca accepting Islam. Seeing the conditions they we're forced under, one such group invited the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions to migrate to Medina. The Prophet (pbuh) was in much need of a sanctuary. The Idolaters grew bolder, Muhammad (pbuh) was praying in the Ka'bah when he was almost strangled. He grew afraid for his companions. The Muslims and the Prophet (pbuh) had been suffering in constant danger for fourteen years.

    The Muslims decided to move slowly migrating to Yathreb. They began slowly afraid to yet again cause trouble or be met with a blockade. Slowly the only ones that we’re left was the Prophet (pbuh), Fatmia his daughter, his cousin Ali, Ali’s mother fatimah bint Asad and his friend Abu Bakar. The Quraish we’re watching the streets around the house of Muhammad (pbuh). Muhammad (pbuh) instructed Ali to stay in his bed, and in the morning distribute all the items that Muhammad (pbuh) had been keeping for others. Then he left accompanied by Abu Bakar. The following day the idolaters broke into the home shocked to find Ali in the home alone. Ali after a brief questioning carried out the instruction that he had been given and then hurried to join him at quba on the way to Media.

   The Quraish we’re on the trail of the Prophet (pbuh). They had chased them to the cave of Thaur. Abu Baker was certain they would be found. Muhammad (pbuh) told him that there was nothing to fear, they need only trust Allah. As commanded by Allah a bird laid her eggs near the entrance of the cave and then a spider spun a web across the entrance. The idolaters seeing that the entrance had not been disturbed passed by the cave completely. The Prophet (pbuh) and his companion stayed in the cave for three days before they continued on their way to Yathreb.

   When they met up with Ali at the Quba and headed for Medina. The caravan entered the anxious city. It became a day of festivities. They rejoiced at the coming of the Prophet (pbuh). A brief fuss was made as to where the Prophet (pbuh) would stay, and was decided that the Prophet (pbuh) took shelter with Abu Ayyub Ansari. The city of Yathreb became Madina-tun Nabi (the city of the Prophet (pbuh), and later as Medina.

   The Prophet's (pbuh) next step was to purchased a piece of land and built a Mosque. It was the first Mosque built by the Muslims. The Mosque was known as the Grand Mosque, built by the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions. It took them seven months to finish it. The Prophet (pbuh) and his family and some of the companies also built their homes around the Mosque.

   Medina and its suburb were at this time inhabited by three distinct parties, the Muhajireen, or those who had escaped the prosecution and migrated, the other being the Ansar the native people of Media, known as the helpers, and the Jews. In order to weld them together into an orderly federation, the Prophet (pbuh) declared the following: 'In the name of he Most Merciful and Compassionate Lord, this charter is given by Muhammad (pbuh), the Messenger of Allah to all believers, whether of Quraish or Medina, and all individuals of what ever origin who have made common cause with them, who shall all constitute one nation."

   Having escaped with little more then the clothing on their backs the immigrants we’re very poor. He deemed that a common brotherhood should be established among the people of Medina. According to this, each native of Median would become the brother of a Muhajirren. This would unite them and they would share their business, wealth and land. The same way that real brother’s did.

   The Quraish we’re so angered over the loss of their old enemies that they could not let them go without a fight. They began sending men into Medina, employing spies amongst the Jews. They also began to destroy the crops, and orchards of fruit trees, abusing, robbing and killing travelers that came by. They even formed unions with other communities that worshiped idols, around Medina. The tribe of Banu Israel joined them on their road of hatred, against the Muslims of Medina.

   The Prophet (pbuh) knowing that they would need to defend themselves against this growing army began to train his followers for combat. They we’re to protect their families and their religion against oppression. Though they we’re small in number and limited in resources they were strong in faith of Allah and this gave them confidence. Along with forming the military and the government of Medina, the Prophet (pbuh) also laid down the rules of warfare to be sure that the enemy would be treated fairly, and none would transgress against the ways of Islam. They we’re as fellow's:

  •  Before you enter battle try to negotiate peace talks.
  •  Utter the name of Allah for assistance before you enter into battle.
  •  If war is unpreventable and you must draw arms, carry out the action without cruelty.
  •  Refrain from using ambush techniques.
  •  Forbidden to the army was disfiguration or mutilations of the fallen enemy, killing or maiming of the old, sick, woman , and children.
  •  Do not harm the monks or religious men.
  •  Do not destroy, or cut down tree that bore fruit, or any other cultivation or garden.
  •  Offer the trapped enemy a peaceful surrender if they accept your terms.

   Many wars would follow against the Quraish, the Banu Israel in Medina and at Khyber, in north east of Medina. Some of the major battles we’re named Badr, Uhad, Khandaq, Hunain and Tabuk.

   The numbers of the Muslims had increased immensely, they decide they would travel to Mecca ad make the first pilgrimage. A huge number of Muslims led by Muhammad (pbuh) entered the city of Mecca. The idolaters became nervous not knowing what the intention of the men were and decided to met with them. This would result in the non believers and the Muslims coming together to sign the treaty Hudaybiya. The treaty simply put is this: The Muslims could not enter the Ka'bah that year. They would be allowed the following year according to the agreement, the city would be vacated by the non believers. They would pitch their tents on the hills surrounding the holy precinct. The Muslims we’re disappointed but they performed their ritual sacrifices at their encampment, and returned to their homes. The Prophet (pbuh) assured them, they may return the next year.

   The following year, the Muslim's left there home and headed for Medina. The non believers evacuated the city per the agreement and watched the strange sight. The refugee's having not seen their home in many years approached in a great army of people. They saw the Muslims perform the rituals of Umra, all clad in white robes, quiet and sober in behavior. There was no music, dancing, drinking, noise or screams. Their hearts were stirred by the discipline and organization of the Muslims. In accordance with the treaty, the Muslims left Mecca at the end of three day's.

   Even with the peaceful conduct of the Muslims, many of the disbelievers among the people still wanted to cause harm to the Muslims. They would breached the contract, by killing members of the Muslim alliance. No peace talks could be met at these actions. Muhammad (pbuh) collected a large army and entered the city of Mecca. Unable to stop the army of Muhammad (pbuh), the Quraish had no choice but to surrender.

   This city that humiliated, and caused them so much pain, now lay at their mercy. He warned them to accept Islam. The general agreed and was the first to accept. He informed the others of the mercy of the Muslim's. Muhammad (pbuh) declared that anyone who came forward and excepted Islam would be forgiven of their past crimes. They came forward in great numbers accepting Allah as the truth and Muhammad (pbuh) as His Messenger. In the light of such momentous achievement the Muslims went to the homes that they had lost and reunited with their family. The Prophet (pbuh) declared that Mecca would know be known as a sanctuary for all people.

   The ninth year of the hijrah is known as the Year of Embassies, which many of the tribes of Arabia joined Islam, accepting the truth. One major factor to this was that no longer was the Quraish an apposing factor the tribes fled into Medina to make their submission to him. Quickly ending Idolatry in wave’s. The idolaters of Ta'if, the people who had turned their back on the messenger before came asking for prayers of forgiveness, to be accepted. Eventually they too would yield to the full requirements of being a Muslim.

   It was near the end of year, during the month of Pilgrimage, the Prophet (pbuh) banned the pilgrimage of any idolatry from that year on. He had his cousin Ali read this proclamation aloud. At the end of the year the Prophet (pbuh) entered the Ka'bah, joined by Ali to break the idols. They cleaned the ground and prepared for the first prayer of the Muslims. Bilal, called the first Adhan in a melodious style that brought tears to the congregation. In light of all that had transpired in the last few years they prayed, thanking Allah for all of his mercy. Alhumdallah!

   Those that followed the declaration of the Prophet (pbuh), found Islam by the following year. Muhammad (pbuh) also set out many teachers into the tribes to teach the Muslims the principles of Islam. Each teacher was given instructions before leaving. Muhammad's (pbuh) mission had been completed he had united the diverse religions of his people and the people around them. He had formed a brother hood among humanity. The most important of all was that he had spread the message of Allah. They understood now, Allah was a higher power then that which could be carved out of stone or wood. Allah was the creator of all things.

   The profit took his final pilgrimage in the year 632. A vast sea of Muslims joined him. The number was between ninety thousand to one hundred and forty thousand people. Before completing the Hajj he addressed the assemble from the top of Mount Arafat. He told them to cherish their lives. To remember the oaths that they took to provide protection to their wives, and that couples have rights over each other. Not to forget that on the day of judgment they would be held accountable for actions good and bad. To take care of their slaves, see that they feed and cloth them only in things that they themselves would use. To also treat them well because hey are the servants of the Lord and are not to be harshly treated. To remember their prayers and that all Muslims belong in one brotherhood, never take from your brother without his consent. Then he told them, to tell the people that were not there everything he said. Then he asked Allah to verify that he had fulfilled his message and accomplished his work.

    The Muslims cried out: "Yea, verily you have." The Prophet (pbuh) again exclaimed: "O Lord, I beseech You, bear witness to it." The Muslims finished the Hajj with stronger vigilance, then returned to their homes in Media.

   It was at Khum-e-Ghadir, about half way to Medina when Jibril brought the last revelation from Allah. The Prophet (pbuh), after receiving the message immediately stopped the caravan and called the Muslims together. He then announced to the people that he was to leave them soon, and they should follow the two things he was leaving behind, Allah's Surahs and his teachings. Muhammad (pbuh) told them this message. "This day, we have perfected your religion and perfected you in my grace. "

    It was shortly after his last Hajj that the Prophet (pbuh) fell sick and passed away. A pain swept the land. Friends and family and thousands of followers felt the loss. He had spent the last part of his life teaching the message’s of Allah to other’s. The Quran a clear message, and a rich heritage of tradition that would guild mankind for all times. Bringing together all religions and all races to one brotherhood. May peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad. The last Prophet (pbuh) of Allah.



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